Since 1936, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in Paris has published the "International Rules for the Interpretation of Commercial Terms of Contract". These are known as "Incoterms®". Since their publication, the regulations have repeatedly been adapted to current trading conditions.
A new version will come into force on 1 January 2020: The Incoterms® 2020.
New arrangement of A- and B-articles
The A and B items (obligations of the seller and the buyer) were partially renamed and reordered. The content has not changed as a result of these changes, but it may mean that seller and buyer will have to adjust the obligations they have agreed to in the purchase agreements accordingly.
Cost overview new in A9 / B9
All costs are now summarized in A9 and B9. This gives the parties a new overview of all costs to be borne by them.
Renaming from DAT to DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded)
The clause DAT (Delivered at Terminal) is renamed to DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded). However, the content does not change from DAT to DPU. This means that in future any (agreed) place can be the destination.
FCA (Free Carrier)
Goods in containers intended for sea transport and sold under the FCA clause (Free Carrier) will have a new option from 2020:
In the case of CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) and CIP (Carriage Insurance Paid), the seller has so far concluded a minimum insurance cover in favour of the buyer.
The clauses CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) and CIP (Carriage Insurance Paid) contain an obligation on the part of the seller to cover the transport insurance for the distance between the passing of risk and the passing of costs. However, we recommend covering a warehouse-to-warehouse insurance (entire transport route).
Carriage of goods
Previously, the transport of the goods was regulated by the buyer or seller to a third party.
As more and more trading partners organise the transport of goods by their own means of transport, this was taken into account from 2020. In future, it will therefore be possible to conclude a transport contract or simply organise the necessary transport yourself.
Safety requirements for the transport of goods
Additional articles of safety-related obligations have been added to Incoterms 2020 to provide clear rules on the distribution of safety obligations and associated costs.